China may build five first-class urban agglomerations to become urbanization carriers
China may build five first-class urban agglomerations to become urbanization carriers
China Construction machinery information
Guide: Although the convening time of the national urbanization conference has been postponed repeatedly, the overall planning outline of urbanization has not been unveiled, but the direction of urban agglomerations as an important carrier of urbanization has been basically determined. A government insider told that according to the urbanization plan being formulated, national cities
although the national urbanization conference has been postponed repeatedly, and the overall planning outline of urbanization has not been unveiled, the direction of urban agglomeration as an important carrier of urbanization has been basically determined
according to a government insider, according to the urbanization plan being formulated, the number of national urban agglomerations will increase by 2. With the existing three national urban agglomerations of the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and the Bohai rim, the number of national urban agglomerations may reach 5 in the futureLiu Hua, chief economist of Nanchang development and Reform Commission, also told this newspaper that according to the new national strategic concept, some new growth poles are being arranged, and the upcoming new urbanization plan is likely to focus on the launch of five national first-class urban agglomerations. In addition to the three major urban agglomerations in the East, there are urban agglomerations in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River in the middle and Chengdu Chongqing Urban Agglomerations in the West
the above insider said: "the previous discussion opinion was to add one in the central and western regions respectively, but the plan has not been finalized, and there are certain variables."
he revealed that in the future, China's urban agglomerations will still adopt the "multi center" model with such expansion. "From the experience at home and abroad, the development mode of multi center urban agglomeration is more reasonable than single-level development."
in addition, due to the great differences in the development of the East, the middle and the west, cities in the central and western regions can only obtain sufficient capital to compete with urban agglomerations in the central and eastern regions by making use of their respective advantages in the multi center strategy
Liu Hua said that for Wuhan, Changsha, Hefei and Nanchang, it is crucial to achieve more long-term development by embracing national policies. The greatest potential for China's future development lies in urbanization, and the new urbanization will definitely engage in pilot demonstration areas. At present, these four cities are working together to become pilot areas, "especially the public service system, which is related to economic strength. If it is won, it will enjoy more policies in public services than other places."
however, the aforementioned official said that although many places have applied to become national urban agglomerations, there are still many problems based on past experience. For example, how to break the current framework of administrative divisions, how to regulate the competitive behavior of local governments, how to coordinate the competition and cooperation between cities in the same urban agglomeration, and how to build an innovative system of multi center regional governance and spatial planning
in an exclusive interview with this newspaper on the 27th, Nanchang mayor chenjunqing also said that the urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River is a large cluster, including four small clusters: Wuhan urban circle, Chang Zhu Tan, Jiangxi Poyang Lake Economic Zone and Wanjiang urban belt, none of which is particularly strong, so a good cooperation mechanism is needed. He called on the state to formulate the development strategy of the urban agglomeration as soon as possible and provide support in policies, funds and projects
"in the past, there was more competition in the four cities, and now there is more emphasis on competition and cooperation." Liu Hua said that at present, the four cities are "relatively positive" in the development of the group
urban agglomeration is the carrier of urbanization
at the beginning of this year, some media said that urbanization planning would involve more than 20 urban agglomerations. Although the final plan has not yet been issued, the urban agglomeration will certainly be an important carrier for the automation of shutdown when the maximum experimental force of the city exceeds 2% and 5% in the future, as well as the urbanization of the tensile testing machine for metal materials produced by the public standard instruments
Liu Hua said that at present, the development of urbanization in China has shifted from the development of central cities to the development of urban agglomerations or cities. "For example, the original positioning of Nanchang was to build into a central city, but now the era of competing with central cities is out of date."
he said that the emerging problem of urban diseases can also be effectively overcome through the development of urban agglomerations
Yi Peng, a researcher at the city and small town center of the national development and Reform Commission, said in an interview with media including this newspaper last week that the current reason for proposing the development of small and medium-sized cities and small towns is that the development of China's megacities has encountered great challenges: first, the carrying capacity is close to the limit; On the other hand, China's urbanization must be combined with the development of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", which requires the development of some small and medium-sized cities and towns to support the development of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers"; In addition, due to the consideration of land security, it is not necessary to arrange some small and medium-sized cities in some special places completely according to the economic law
under such circumstances, vigorously promoting the construction of urban agglomerations led by mega cities has become a good choice. Yi Peng believes that the benefits of developing urban agglomerations are, on the one hand, that they can properly solve the problems of rational layout and integration of megacities, small and medium-sized cities, small towns and villages, and realize the benign interaction between urbanization and agricultural modernization. They can not only solve the problem of reducing costs in urban development, but also achieve ecological and intensive development as much as possible
on the other hand, this is also in line with the basic law of China's urban layout that "disequilibrium is the real equilibrium". Yi Peng said that from the perspective of the planning of China's main functional areas, the layout of China's cities can only be in a very small area, and it is impossible to have a balanced distribution in the whole area of 9.6 million square kilometers. Population concentration is also distributed in the small area of the three economic poles and the 18 key development areas, and the larger area is the prohibited and restricted development areas
adjust or speed up local administrative divisions
strike while the iron is hot. At present, many provinces' urbanization plans have been unveiled
in March this year, the 12th Five Year Plan for urbanization development in Guangdong Province proposed that during the 12th Five Year Plan period, the urbanization rate of Guangdong Province will increase by about 0.8 percentage points per year, reaching 70% in 2015, of which the Pearl River Delta should be built into a world-class urban agglomeration with more comprehensive competitivenessThe Qinghai development and Reform Commission recently said that the draft of the Qinghai urbanization development plan has been completed and will be submitted for approval soon. In the process of preparation, the provincial development and Reform Commission, through active efforts, included Xining City in the "list of national comprehensive transportation hubs", identified Lanzhou Xining urban agglomeration as a national urban agglomeration, and added it to the national urbanization development plan
proper adjustment of administrative divisions, accelerating the removal of counties to cities, and the removal of counties into districts are also the direction of many local governments. Recently, according to media reports, at least 138 counties hope to withdraw their counties and set up cities. Although it has not received a positive response from the national competent department, the plan of "replacing counties with cities" in places like Shenmu, Mingxing County in Northern Shaanxi has been planned for a long time
the urbanization development plan of Shaanxi Province in the 12th Five year plan proposes that by the end of the 12th Five Year Plan (2015), 20 counties such as Shenmu, Fugu and Jingbian will be removed from their counties and set up cities or districts. At present, among the 20 supported counties, Shenmu and Fengxiang have been approved by the provincial government and reported to the State Council for "queuing" for approval
according to this newspaper, Jiangxi Province is also doing a research on the adjustment of administrative divisions. This research is not only at the scholar level, but also involving the administrative departments. The research content includes the removal of counties to build cities, districts, and zoning adjustments such as "three points of Chaohu Lake"
Liu Hua told that the coastal areas should speed up the development of urbanization by removing counties and building cities and districts, which may also become an important way in the central region. Take Nanchang as an example. At present, Nanchang is a typical "small horse pulling a big car", with an urban area of only more than 260 square kilometers. Therefore, adjusting administrative divisions is very important to promote urbanization
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