Beijing Tianjin Hebei on track: 6-year transportation investment of 1.5 trillion yuan
Beijing Tianjin Hebei on track: 6-year transportation investment of 1.5 trillion yuan
China Construction machinery information
after the release of the Beijing Tianjin Hebei development planning outline, the details expected by the outside world have also entered the final sprint stage. According to experts directly involved in the preparation of the Beijing Tianjin Hebei coordinated development plan, the Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration plan has been formulated and will only be announced
since the relatively "rapid development" of the transportation integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei last year, the beautiful vision of transportation integration is slowly spreading: one card in hand, travel all over Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei; Beijing subway may enter Yanjiao; Tianjin Baotou railway is expected to open to traffic by the end of the year; The transportation interconnection of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei will no longer face each other, but behind it is the investment of real money
according to the above experts who participated in the preparation of the plan, at present, the total investment scale of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is larger than the plan, and the key projects in the plan are dead end road and rail transit. According to the estimates of many experts, the investment in transportation in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is expected to be about 1.5 trillion yuan in the six years from this year to 2020
in this over trillion investment, the introduction of social capital is also a path being tried by Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. It can be predicted that with the promotion of Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration, Hebei will benefit the most, and Beijing's function relief and industrial transfer will be more convenient to enter the area around Beijing and Tianjin. Shijiazhuang, which is far away from Beijing and Tianjin, may have less direct radiation, but its more convenient traffic location also gives it more imagination
create "Beijing Tianjin Hebei on track"
"the most urgent thing is to break the road." Li Xi (a pseudonym) said. He directly participated in the preparation of the Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration plan, saying that the plan has been formulated at present, but the specific release time is not clear. Statistics show that there are 18 "dead end roads" and 24 "bottleneck roads" between Hebei and Beijing and Tianjin, up to 1100 kilometers, which is about the distance between Beijing and Shijiazhuang by car
breaking through these "obstructions" is an important task under the background of Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration. Hebei will enjoy the "comfort" of opening up the dead end road and the bottleneck road. At the end of December last year, three broken roads and bottleneck sections were opened, namely national highway 111, the second channel of Beijing Kunming expressway, and the expansion of Beijing Hong Kong Macao expressway
the nandaliang tunnel project of national highway 111 is the first Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration project, which is implemented in Chengde. The staff of Chengde Transportation Bureau told the economic observer that the opening of this line has shortened the time from Fengning County to Tiananmen Square in Beijing from 4.5 hours to 2 hours, which will help strengthen the transportation of ecological products from Chengde to Beijing
as the most important longitudinal Expressway in Hebei, the expansion of Beijing Hong Kong Macao expressway is no less than a "golden artery" for Hebei. This highway is close to some economic and industrial parks and trade logistics bases in Hebei, which brings direct effects such as improving transportation efficiency and industrial transformation and upgrading
the Laishui Beijing section of Beijing Kunming expressway is jointly constructed by Beijing and Hebei, with a length of about 75 kilometers. After the completion of the highway, the second expressway between Beijing and Shijiazhuang will be fully opened. Besides taking the Beijing Hong Kong Macao expressway, Beijing has more choices to Shijiazhuang. Gaojinhao, director of Hebei Provincial Department of transportation, once said that by 2020, the "dead end road" and "bottleneck road" will basically end in Hebei, and a road extending in all directions and connecting Beijing and Tianjin will gradually take shape
Li Xi revealed that there should be no problem in opening up the dead end road between Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei in 2020, because it is not a major trunk line, but mostly a small section of the border. It is OK to open up, and the investment will not be particularly large, not the focus of investment. Rail transit is the key investment point of transportation integration in the three places
according to Li Xi, building a "Beijing Tianjin Hebei on track" is undoubtedly a clear focus in the formulated Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration plan. This construction time is not limited to 2020, but also includes 2030. "What is envisaged in the plan is a very perfect rail transit, which is a medium and long-term goal and a key point of future development. The construction time of specific lines should be built and implemented according to the passenger flow demand of each line."
Li Xi said that the "dense network and efficient service" of rail transit is the specific content of the plan. He revealed that passenger dedicated lines, suburban railways, intercity railways and urban rail transit are the main components of rail transit. According to Li Xi, the passenger dedicated line is relatively perfect in the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, including the Tianjin Baotou railway, which is expected to open at the end of the year, and the Beijing Shenyang Railway (through Chengde), which has been started. "In the near future, we should continue to promote the projects under construction according to the plan, so that a relatively complete passenger dedicated line network can be formed in a relatively short time before 2020, covering all 13 cities in Hebei."
because the passenger dedicated line network is relatively perfect, Lixi believes that the construction of intercity railway is relatively less urgent, but the construction of suburban railway, especially the outward extension network of Beijing rail transit, is more urgent. "There is a strong traffic demand in the central urban area of Beijing and the surrounding satellite cities, which needs suburban railway to meet."
in addition, Li Xi revealed that the urban rail transit in the central urban area of Beijing may be further densified and improved, and the focus of Tianjin and Shijiazhuang should be to strengthen the construction of urban rail transit. According to fengzhenglin, Vice Minister of the Ministry of transport, the list of implementation projects of Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration includes infrastructure, transportation, intelligent transportation, ports and waterways, integrated hubs and other fields
1.5 trillion in six years
since the collaborative development strategy of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei was put forward at the end of February last year, transportation has always been the leading state. Under the argument that collaborative development must first be transportation integration, seeking the transportation interconnection of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is the work that the country and Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei have been promoting. To realize the beautiful vision of transportation integration, we need to invest real money. Li Xi said that since the Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration plan has not been announced, it is not convenient to disclose the specific total investment at present, but compared with the investment added by the three places of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, "there is no doubt that it is smaller." Because the construction projects included in the plan are of great significance to the development of the whole region of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, or cross provincial and municipal projects that need coordination among the three places, such as the dead end road between the three places, but rural roads, local roads and other projects that belong to the local authority are mostly not in the planned projects, but may be in the respective construction plans of the three places of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. In this way, the overall scope and scale of transportation investment in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei will be larger than that involved in the transportation integration planning of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. Last year, Hebei Province invested more than 90 billion yuan in transportation, 70 billion yuan in Beijing and 60 billion yuan in Tianjin, a total of about 230 billion yuan, equivalent to the investment of three new Beijing airports. In addition, according to the information of China's proposed projects under construction, the planned investment in the four major fields of railway, expressway, aviation and port in the transportation integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is expected to exceed 400billion yuan. Chen Yao, Secretary General of the China Association of regional economics, believes that it is difficult to clarify the investment situation because he has not seen the specific projects of Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation investment, which are generally planned with spoke sensors. The annual investment of 230billion yuan "may still be a little larger". He said that the transportation integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is mainly a connection problem, and there are basically large trunk lines. Now the construction investment of the three axes of Beijing Baoshi, Beijing Tianjin and Beijing, Tang and Qin is larger, and the other is mainly the problem of broken roads, which may have an investment scale of hundreds of billions of yuan every year. Chen Yao also believes that the scale of investment this year may be a little larger than last year, because from 2015 to 2017, the transportation integration will make breakthrough progress, and the investment will be mainly in these three years, and will be less in the future. He estimated that the annual investment in these three years is more than 200 billion yuan, and from 2018 to 2020, it will be almost 100 billion yuan every year, which may also be more. One of the factors is that after the transportation construction, according to the investment coefficient, the cost will be higher and higher, and the investment will be appropriately increased
"the prices of production factors are rising, and the prices of labor and raw materials are rising, which has a significant impact on the increase of investment costs in the next few years." Niu Fengrui, vice president of China Urban Economics Association, agreed. However, he estimated that the annual investment scale of 230billion yuan and nearly 1.4 trillion yuan in six years (2015-2020) may still be the "lower limit", "1.5 trillion yuan is still OK."
Niu Fengrui believes that Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei are still in the development stage on the whole, urbanization and modernization have not been completed, and transportation facilities are also lagging behind. "Now we should stabilize growth, and with this construction capacity, we should speed up transportation construction."
in Chen Yao's view, Hebei will invest more in the total investment, which may account for 45% of the total, followed by Beijing and finally Tianjin. In November last year, Yang Chongyong, executive vice governor of Hebei Province, revealed that the Beijing Tianjin Hebei Railway Corporation plans to invest 10billion yuan to establish the Beijing Tianjin Hebei rail transit investment company. Li Xi said that this company may be further improved in its development, and the introduction of social capital to participate in the construction of Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration is a direction in many ways. Li Xi believes that the principle of "who benefits, who invests" should be followed in the construction of Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration, but how to define the benefits is still a problem. "It is not necessarily accurate to be solely responsible for regional investment." He said that the stakeholders of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei will continue to negotiate and game on how to share the investment
who will benefit the most
when the transportation integration between Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is realized, a vision is to rely on the intercity railway connecting Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, from Shijiazhuang, Baoding, Langfang, Cangzhou, Handan and other node cities, to strengthen the construction of the standard system, Beijing and Tianjin will take only one hour. But behind the transportation integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, it is not so simple
Yang Kaizhong, a professor at the school of government and management of Peking University, believes that the realization of the transportation integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is conducive to the professional division of labor and cooperation among the cities of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and promotes the reorganization and upgrading of the economic industries and functions of the whole region
providing assistance for Beijing's industrial transfer is the original meaning of Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation first. Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei are more closely linked, and the passenger flow and freight rates of the three places are under pressure, lowering the index, accelerating the flow of logistics, and promoting industrial transfer. Convenient transportation makes the spillover of enterprises in Beijing move forward faster. Beijing's general manufacturing and processing industries should be relieved, and some central enterprise headquarters may be moved to the surrounding areas of Beijing
Chen Yao said that after convenient transportation, it is also conducive to the inflow of migrant population into Beijing, but it is more conducive to the dispersion of population
Xiao Jincheng, a researcher at the Macroeconomic Research Institute of the national development and Reform Commission, holds a similar view. He said that the parts industry, agricultural and sideline products processing industry and logistics industry in Beijing will be more distributed in the surrounding areas of Beijing, which is conducive to the extension of the industrial chain. Some of Beijing's scientific research, education and medical functions will also be transferred outward. People living in Beijing may be willing to go to the surrounding small and medium-sized cities, because public services can keep in touch with Beijing, and Beijing's housing prices will be suppressed. "Hebei will increase housing supply, and people have more choices."
the pull of Beijing Tianjin Hebei transportation integration on related industries cannot be ignored. Niu Fengrui believes that under the conditions of stable growth and restricted production capacity such as steel and cement, transportation construction as a fixed asset investment itself will bring economic growth and stimulate the production capacity of steel and cement in Hebei
make up for the short traffic
Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI